Dr. G.Thirumalai Ganesan

MS, M.Ch, FRCS(Glasg), FRCS (Urol)(UK)

Sarayu Medical Center, Q-39, 6th Avenue
Anna Nagar, Chennai-40 (Near K4 Police Station)
Tel: +91-44-45550367/68/69,
+91-97909-60550, +91-98412-33777
Email: endouro@gmail.com

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a malignant tumour of the bladder, the hollow, muscular organ that stores urine.


Overview

urinary tract infectionsThe greatest risk factor for bladder cancer is smoking. Risk also increases with age: bladder cancer is rare in people under 40. Men are affected three times more often than women. Smoking, exposure to certain workplace chemicals and family history of the disease are also associated with increased risk of developing bladder cancer.


Smoking Causes Bladder Cancer

Common symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in urine and frequent, painful urination. However, these symptoms are not caused only by bladder cancer. They may result from other problems, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and an enlarged prostate gland. Therefore, getting a correct diagnosis is very important.


Treatment Options

urinary tract infections

When bladder cancer is found and treated early, the chances for survival are very good. Initially the bladder tumour is removed using a telescopic procedure (Transurethral resection of bladder tumour). Depending on the size and how far it has spread all or part of the bladder is removed as a form of treatment. Partial cystectomy, the removal of a segment of the bladder, is an option when the tumour is low-grade and has affected only one area of the bladder. When the cancer is aggressive or involves a large part of the bladder, radical cystectomy, the removal of the entire bladder and surrounding structures, is performed.

We have the specialists to perform partial and radical cystectomy for the treatment of bladder cancer. The urologist has got the expertise in performing orthotopic neo-bladder reconstruction — the creation of a new, working bladder using a part of the bowel. For many patients who require a cystectomy, the procedure is a desirable alternative to wearing a bag to drain urine. When this reconstruction is performed by highly experienced surgeons, the new bladder gives patients the ability to urinate without the need for a catheter and significantly improves their quality of life.